ИНДИЯ: ЭТНИЧЕСКИЕ СЕПАРАТИСТСКИЕ ДВИЖЕНИЯ

(INDIA – the ETHNIC SEPARATIST MOVEMENTS)

Обобщенная категория подрывных антигосударственных движений, действующих на территории Индии. Универсальные признаки – наличие обоснованной этнической (этно-религиозной) мотивации / тенденции; ведение вооруженной борьбы, направленной на вывод оспариваемой территории из-под контроля центральных властей и ее обособление. Основные блоки сепаратистского движения – Северо-восточный; Северо-западный (кашмирский); сикхский. Основные параметры – боевые действия повстанческого (партизанского) типа с переменными оперативными характеристиками; политически / этнически / религиозно мотивированное насилие; терроризм с применением огнестрельного и минно-взрывного оружия (направлен против следующих категорий целей – государственные и политические функционеры; транспортные средства и объекты; места массового скопления населения и объекты общественного пользования; культовые сооружения). Совокупное количество группировок – субъектов этнического сепаратизма, рассматривается в пределах нескольких сотен структурных единиц. Зафиксированные группировки:



Регион

Группировки

Ассам

United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA), National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), United People's Democratic Solidarity (UPDS), Kamatapur Liberation Organization (KLO), Bodo Liberation Tiger Force (BLTF), Dima Halim Daogah (DHD), Karbi National Volunteers (KNV), Rabha National Security Force (RNSF), Koch-Rajbongshi Liberation Organization (KRLO), Karbi People's Front (KPF), Tiwa National Revolutionary Force (TNRF), Bircha Commando Force (BCF), Bengali Tiger Force (BTF), Adivasi Security Force (ASF), All Assam Adivasi Suraksha Samiti (AAASS), Gorkha Tiger Force (GTF), Barak Valley Youth Liberation Front (BVYLF), Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam (MULTA), Muslim United Liberation Front of Assam (MULFA), Muslim Security Council of Assam (MSCA), United Liberation Militia of Assam (ULMA), Islamic Liberation Army of Assam (ILAA), Muslim Volunteer Force (MVF), Muslim Liberation Army (MLA), Muslim Security Force (MSF), Islamic Sevak Sangh (ISS), Islamic United Reformation Protest of India (IURPI), United Muslim Liberation Front of Assam (UMLFA), Revolutionary Muslim Commandos (RMC), Muslim Tiger Force (MTF), People’s United Liberation Front (PULF), Adam Sena (AS), Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, Harkat-ul-Jehad

Джамму и Кашмир

Hizbul Mujahideen, Harkat-ul-Ansar / Harkat-ul-Jehad-e-Islami, Lashkar-e-Toiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad Mujahideen E-Tanzeem, Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front, Tehrik-ul-Mujahideen, Al Badr, Dukhtaran-e-Millat, Al Barq, Al Jehad, Jamait-ul-Mujahideen, Jammu & Kashir National Liberation Army, People’s League, Muslim Janbaz Force, Kashmir Jehad Force, Al Jehad Force, Al Umar Mujahideen, Mahaz-e-Azadi, Islami Jamaat-e-Tulba, Jammu & Kashmir Students Liberation Front, Ikhwan-ul-Mujahideen, Islamic Students League, Tehrik-e-Hurriat-e-Kashmir, Mutahida Jehad Council, Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqar Jafaria, Jamait-ul-Mujahideen, Al Mustafa Liberation Fighters, Tehrik-e-Jehad-e-Islami, Therik-ul-Mujahideen, Muslim Mujahideen, Al Mujahid Force, Tehrik-e-Jehad, Islami Inquilabi Mahaz

Манипур

United National Liberation Front (UNLF), People’s Liberation Army (PLA), People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK), Manipur People’s Liberation Front (MPLF), Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP), Kanglei Yawol Kunna Lup (KYKL), Manipur Liberation Tiger Army (MLTA), Iripak Kanba Lup (IKL), People’s Republican Army (PRA), Kangleipak Kanba Kanglup (KKK), Kangleipak Liberation Organization (KLO), Revolutionary Joint Committee (RJC), National Socialist Council of Nagaland - Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM), People’s United Liberation Front (PULF), North East Minority Front (NEMF), Islamic National Front (INF), Islamic Revolutionary Front (IRF), United Islamic Liberation Army (UILA), United Islamic Revolutionary Army (UIRA), Kuki National Front (KNF), Kuki National Army (KNA), Kuki Independent Army (KIA), Kuki Defence Force (KDF), Kuki International Force (KIF), Kuki National Volunteers (KNV), Kuki Liberation Front (KLF), Kuki Security Force (KSF), Kuki Revolutionary Front (KRF), United Kuki Liberation Front (UKLF), Hmar People’s Convention (HPC), Hmar Revolutionary Front (HRF), Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA), Zomi Revolutionary Volunteers (ZRV), Indigenous People's Revolutionary Alliance (IRPA), Kom Rem People's Convention (KRPC), Chin Kuki Revolutionary Front (CKRF)

Мегхалайя

Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC), Achik National Volunteer Council (ANVC), People’s Liberation Front of Meghalaya (PLF-M)

Нагаленд

National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah) – NSCN(IM), National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) – NSCN (K), Naga National Council (Adino) – NNC (Adino)

Трипура

National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT), All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF), Tripura Liberation Organization Front (TLOF), United Bengali Liberation Front (UBLF), Tripura Tribal Volunteer Force (TTVF), Tripura Armed Tribal Commando Force (TATCF), Tripura Tribal Democratic Force (TTDF), Tripura Tribal Youth Force (TTYF), Tripura Liberation Force (TLF), Tripura Defence Force (TDF), All Tripura Volunteer Force (ATVF), Tribal Commando Force (TCF), Tripura Tribal Youth Force (TTYF), All Tripura Bharat Suraksha Force (ATBSF), Tripura Tribal Action Committee Force (TTACF), Socialist Democratic Front of Tripura (SDFT), All Tripura National Force (ATNF), Tripura Tribal Sengkrak Force (TTSF), Tiger Commando Force (TCF), Tripura Mukti Police (TMP), Tripura Rajya Raksha Bahini (TRRB), Tripura State Volunteers (TSV), Tripura National Democratic Tribal Force (TNDTF), National Militia of Tripura (NMT), All Tripura Bengali Regiment (ATBR),

Bangla Mukti Sena (BMS), All Tripura Liberation Organization (ATLO), Tripura National Army (TNA), Tripura State Volunteers (TSV), Barak National Council of Tripura (BNCT)

Другие регионы

Deendar Anjuman, People's Guerrilla Arm, Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI)